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Medicines

Revised: 25 August 2017

Restrictions on the Supply, Prescribing or Administration of Medicines under the Medicines Act 1981 and Misuse of Drugs Regulations 1977

See also: Sativex Oromucosal Spray - Requirements for Prescribers

Pursuant to section 23 of the Medicines Act 1981, and regulation 22 of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 1977, a medicine may be given consent to distribution, supply or use provided certain conditions are met. Conditions may relate to who can prescribe the medicine, or for what indication. The medicines listed below currently have conditions on supply and/or usage.

Note: the restrictions PHARMAC places on medicine subsidies (as listed in the Pharmaceutical Schedule) are independent of the conditions imposed under the Medicines Act or Misuse of Drugs Regulations.

Medicines consented under section 23 of the Medicines Act 1981 with restrictions:

Medicines (Class B controlled drugs) with prescribing restrictions under regulation 22 of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 1977:

Clozapine

Clopine, 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg and 200 mg tablet and 50 mg/mL oral solution
Douglas Pharmaceuticals Limited
Clozaril, 25 mg and 100 mg tablet
Novartis New Zealand Limited
Consent is given subject to the following restrictions:

  1. The medicine may only be prescribed by:
    • A medical practitioner who is vocationally registered by the Medical Council of New Zealand in the scope of practice of psychiatry (hereinafter referred to as a Psychiatrist)
    • A medical practitioner or nurse practitioner who is prescribing under the supervision of a Psychiatrist
    • A medical practitioner who is registered by the Medical Council of New Zealand in a general scope of practice provided the medical practitioner is prescribing clozapine for a patient whose illness is being well controlled by clozapine and the prescribing decision is taken in collaboration with, or following consultation with, a Community Mental Health Team
  2. Persons prescribing the medicine must comply with appropriate local treatment guidelines.
  3. The medicine must be dispensed in accordance with appropriate local dispensing guidelines
  4. Sale or marketing of this medicine may only occur if the sponsor has an appropriate blood monitoring and patient record database in place

Dantron and Poloxamer 188

Pinorax, 5mg dantron + 40 mg poloxamer 188 per mL oral suspension and 15mg dantron + 200 mg poloxamer 188 per mL oral suspension
AFT Pharmaceuticals Limited
Consent is given subject to the following restriction:
Pinorax may only be used for the prevention or treatment of constipation in the terminally ill.

Pandemic and Pre-pandemic Influenza Vaccines

Pandemic Influenza Vaccine H5N1 Baxter, suspension for injection
Baxter Healthcare Limited
Consent is given subject to the following restriction:
The vaccine may only be marketed, or distributed in accordance with the directives contained in the current version of the New Zealand Influenza Pandemic Action Plan.

Vepacel, suspension for injection
Baxter Healthcare Limited
Consent is given subject to the following restriction:
The vaccine may only be marketed, or distributed in accordance with the directives contained in the current version of the New Zealand Influenza Pandemic Action Plan.

Panvax Vaccine (Pandemic Influenza Vaccine), suspension for injection
CSL Biotherapies (NZ) Limited
Consent is given subject to the following restriction:
The vaccine may only be marketed, or distributed in accordance with the directives contained in the current version of the New Zealand Influenza Pandemic Action Plan.

Pandemrix (Pandemic Influenza Vaccine), suspension for injection
GlaxoSmithKline (NZ) Ltd
Consent is given subject to the following restriction:
The vaccine may only be marketed, or distributed in accordance with the directives contained in the current version of the New Zealand Influenza Pandemic Action Plan.

Riluzole

Rilutek, 50mg tablet
Sanofi-Aventis New Zealand Limited
Apo-Riluzole, 50mg tablet
Apotex New Zealand Limited

Consent is given subject to the following restriction:
Rilutek can only be prescribed by specialist physicians who care for patients with Motor Neurone Disease, neurologists and palliative care physicians.

Thalidomide

Thalomid, 50mg, 100mg, 150mg and 200mg capsule
Celgene Limited
Consent is given subject to the following restrictions:

  1. Thalidomide may only be prescribed by registered medical practitioners as defined in the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 and who are certified as competent by the Medical Council of New Zealand in the scope and practice of internal medicine.
  2. Celgene Limited will manage the risk management programme relating to the distribution and use of Thalomid.

Medicines (Class B controlled drugs) with prescribing restrictions under regulation 22 of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 1977

Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine

The following restrictions apply to all ephedrine and pseudoephedrine products from 8 September 2011:

  1. Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine may only be prescribed by:
    • Medical practitioners registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003.
  2. Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine can be dispensed at any community or hospital pharmacy.
  3. Any person responsible for the care of a patient on ephedrine or pseudoephedrine may administer it in accordance with the prescriber’s directions.

Dexamphetamine

The following restrictions apply to all dexamphetamine products:

  1. Prescribing:
    The following class of persons ("vocational medical practioners") may prescribe dexamphetamine products for a patient under his or her care for the corresponding conditions:
    • Medical practitioners with a vocational scope of practice of paediatrics or psychiatry, registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003, for the treatment of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or
    • Medical practitioners with a vocational scope of practice of internal medicine, registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003, for the treatment of narcolepsy.
    Any other medical practitioner registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand ("registered medical practitioner") or nurse practitioner registered with the Nursing Council of New Zealand practising within their area of practice (“nurse practitioner”), may only prescribe dexamphetamine products when acting on the written recommendation of one of the vocational medical practitioners described above, for the conditions specified.
  2. Supply:
    The following class of persons may supply dexamphetamine products in the following circumstances:
    • Any pharmacist registered with the Pharmacy Council of New Zealand under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003, in the course of his or her employment as a pharmacist, may supply dexamphetamine products pursuant to a prescription issued by:
      • A registered medical practitioner with a vocational scope of practice of paediatrics, psychiatry, or internal medicine, when prescribing for the conditions specified above, or
      • Any other registered medical practitioner or nurse practitioner, when acting on the written recommendation of one of the vocational medical practitioners specified above, with the recommendation endorsed on the prescription.
  3. Administration:
    Any person who is caring for a patient, for whom a dexamphetamine product has been prescribed by any of the medical practitioners or nurse practitioners described above, may administer the product to that patient in accordance with the prescribed directions for use.

Methylphenidate

The following restrictions apply to all methylphenidate products:

  1. Prescribing:
    The following class of persons ("vocational medical practitioners") may prescribe methylphenidate products for a patient under his or her care for the corresponding conditions:
    • Medical practitioners with a vocational scope of practice of paediatrics or psychiatry, registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003, for the treatment of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or
    • Medical practitioners with a vocational scope of practice of internal medicine, registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003, for the treatment of narcolepsy, or
    • Medical practitioners with a vocational scope of palliative medicine registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003, for use in palliative care treatment.
    Any other medical practitioner registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand ("registered medical practitioner") or nurse practitioner registered with the Nursing Council of New Zealand practising within their area of practice ("nurse practitioner"), may only prescribe methylphenidate products when acting on the written recommendation of one of the vocational medical practitioners described above, for the conditions specified.
  2. Supply:
    The following class of persons may supply methylphenidate products in the following circumstances:
    • Any pharmacist, registered with the Pharmacy Council of New Zealand under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003, in the course of his or her employment as a pharmacist, may supply methylphenidate products pursuant to a prescription issued by:
      • A registered medical practitioner with a vocational scope of practice of paediatrics, psychiatry, internal medicine, or palliative medicine, when prescribing for the conditions specified above, or
      • Any other registered medical practitioner or nurse practitioner, when acting on the written recommendation of one of the vocational medical practitioners specified above, with the recommendation endorsed on the prescription.
  3. Administration:
    Any person who is caring for a patient, for whom a methylphenidate product has been prescribed by any of the medical practitioners or nurse practitioners described above, may administer the product to that patient in accordance with the prescribed directions for use.
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